عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Paragraph is one of the units of meaning in the text which is greater than a sentence and is, in its turn, responsible for transmitting the meaning. This study aims to illustrate: What kind of sentences form a paragraph, What is the structure of sentences in a paragraph, What kind of role occupy different paragraphs in a text, To make the author’s intention more clear how should be the paragraphs divided. A paragraph comprises of a topic sentence and supporting sentences and considering the position of different paragraphs in a text, three paragraphs can be distinguish for every text, i.e. introductory paragraphs, body paragraphs and conclusion paragraph. Since each Paragraph explains a respective independent subject, the paragraphs can be divided in to narrative paragraph, descriptive paragraph, cause and effect paragraph, comparison and contrast paragraph and composite paragraph. Understanding the parts of a paragraph correctly and having the ability to distinguish the different kinds of paragraphs help to understand the text properly, teach the correct way of writing, classification of subjects and avoiding the deviance of the main subject of the text and verbosity. With explaining the structure of a paragraph to determine the framework of the paragraphs and adoption an appropriate way for paragraphing the text in line with its subject, this article strives to make clear the functions of the paragraphs.