عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
In literary terminology symbol is a lingual phenomenon which doesn’t indicate any specific meaning but calls a concept to the reader`s mind. Although symbolization has been common in the classical Persian Literature especially in the mystical Literature It has attracted more attention by contemporary poets so that the symbolization has become the richest branch of contemporary poetry. One reason for this is the social political conditions of the society and the other one is “the association of ideas” feature of symbols which makes the reader more involved in the discovery of meaning and through this process adds to the artistic worth of the work and its better enjoyment. Shafi’e Kadkani is one of the contemporary poets who has used a lot of symbols in his poems with social and humane approach. In this paper for explaining the status of symbol in Shafi’e Kadkani’s poetry and his methods of symbolization after studying the poems and finding then extracting the symbols we have analyzed them in three different groups of restricted, frequent and organic ones. The findings show that Shafi’e Kadkani usually gets the symbols from nature or myths and applies them to social, humane and philosophical thoughts and concepts. He also uses his own created symbols in addition to the common symbols of classical literature.